Implications on Capitalism
Capitalism, in its purest form, would advocate each man for himself. Adam Smith purposed that if everyone did what they wanted as a business or job, there would be enough variety types of work to provide every service. Products would have to be good to ensure public trust and continued patronization of a given company. Competition for customers on the part of business would keep prices down. Workers would be paid well and treated well because competition between companies for workers would demand that conditions be good and that demand would be granted.
Yet this is not the case either. History indicates repeatedly where unbridled capitalism resulted in horrible working condition and exploitation of people. Products have often been unsafe and even dangerous to the users. In many instances, companies have banded together instead of competing and artificially raised prices inflicting economic harm on consumers. As a result, even the most capitalist countries have evolved into a complex mix of every man for himself and social programs similar to the Communist perspective. The Yin Yang theory would say that the Capitalist err on the opposite theoritical side of the balance from the Communist and that the answer lies somewhere in between.
Likewise the liberal youth society of the 60's advocated individual freedom of expression, an attempt to refuse materialism and a largely permissive approach to morality. That effort resulted in what many will admit now was a naive and dangerous approach as life without personal responsibility. Then the pendulum swung entirely in the opposite direction, to the "conspicuous consumption" and materialism of the 80's. Now in a return arc, the arm is turning once again to an increasingly conservative agenda critical of both of these previous ascendicies. The Chinese would say that this is not confusion or "America looking for its identity" or "a loss of traditional values". Instead, it would say that we are simply seeing the movement from Yin to Yang on a societal level. (Bearing in mind that this is a Western expression of this cycle).
In review, the philosophy of Yin and Yang denies the possibility of Utopia in any respect. Instead, the Philosophy of Yin and Yang demands a dynamic balance in which needs are met and the cycles of difficulty and ease would be endured through seeing the patterns in advance and adjusting properly. It calls for an approach to living which would understand the needs of all but the limitations of any to fulfill everyone's desires. In questions of philosophy, science, social theory or personal relationships, the Chinese mind was conditioned by this cyclical approach. The evidence of this will hopefully be borne out through this study.
Return - Continue